Copenhagen, Denmark

Copenhagen (København) is the capital and biggest city in Denmark. Straddling the islands of Zealand and Amager, Copenhagen covers 455.61 sq km (175.9 sq mi) and has a population of 1.2 million people (2011 estimate). It is within a metropolitan area with a population of 1.9 million people.

Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen
Author: thue (public domain)

Copenhagen is on the eastern part of Denmark. It faces the Øresund, the strait separating Denmark from Sweden. Bridging the two nations is the

Øresund Bridge. Built in 2000, the 7.8 km bridge is presently the longest road-and-rail bridge in Europe.

The Copenhagen Municipality is composed of 10 official districts, and other outlying suburbs. The city observes the Central European Time, which is an hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+1) and two hours ahead during Daylight Saving Time of summer.

Copenhagen experiences an oceanic climate. It is in the path of the Atlantic low-pressure system, which affects its weather peatterns. June to August are the warmest month here, when the average high temperature reaches 20°C (68.5°F). January and February are the coldest months, when the average low dips to -2°C (28.4°F) and some times lower. Longest days are in June, which gets a total of 218 hours of sunshine, compared to December, which only receives 42 hours. Expect snow between December and March.

The oldest part of Copenhagen is called Middelalderbyen or Medieval City. The district with the most important historical buildings is Frederiksstaden. This is where you find the Amalienborg Palace and the Marble Church.

Copenhagen Opera House
Author: Väsk (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

The history of Copenhagen is generally accepted to have started in 1167, when Bishop Absalon built a castle on the island of Slotsholmen. This is the site of present-day Christiansborg Palace. The city has many museums and parks as well as historic buildings.

Visiting Copenhagen

The Copenhagen Airport, also called

Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic coountries. It is the main hub for Scandinavian Airlines, and also serves as hub for other smaller airlines. Almost 90% of the passengers passing through this airport are international travelers. The airport is right next to the Øresund Bridge, allowing convenient travel for visitors from the city of Malmö in Sweden. The airport receives flights from most of the major cities of Europe as well as from other continents. Budget carrier EasyJet flies there from London-Stansted, Manchester, Milan, Geneva, Paris and Berlin.

Øresund Bridge tunnel
Author: Väsk (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

From the airport, you can take a train to downtown Copenhagen. It takes just 12 minutes to travel to the Central Railway Station in Hovedbanegården in Copenhagen. Tickets are available from the vending machines. The fare is 36 Kr. From the central railway station, you can take the Copenhagen Metro to different parts of the city.

Exploring Copenhagen

The buses, trains and subway of Copenhagen operate on a zone system. A two-zone ticket costs 23 Kr and is valid for a hour of travel, with unlimited transfers. If you are planning to use public transport a lot, you can get the ten-trip ticket, which offers a 40% off the fare. Alternatively, you can also get the Copenhagen Card, which offer transport as well as free admission to 60 of the museums and sights within the city. The card costs 229 Kr for 24 hours and 459 Kr for 72 hours.

Places of Interest in Copenhagen, Denmark

  1. Amalienborg Palace
  2. Arken Museum of Modern Art
  3. Christiana
  4. Christiansborg Palace
  5. Christianshavn
  6. Church of Our Saviour
  7. City Hall
  8. Copenhagen Botanical Gardens
  9. Copenhagen Opera House
  10. Copenhagen Zoo
  11. Danish Design Center
  12. Danish National Gallery
  13. Dragør
  14. Eremitage Palace
  15. Experimentarium
  16. Former Stock Exchange Building
  17. Frilandsmuseet
  18. Geological Museum
  19. Kunstindustrimuseet
  20. Louisiana Museum of Modern Art
  21. Marble Church
  22. Museum of Copenhagen
  23. Nationalmuseet
  24. Niels Bohr’s Studyt Room
  25. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
  26. Ordrupgaard
  27. Paustian Complex
  28. Rosenborg Castle
  29. Royal Copenhagen Porcelain Museum
  30. Rundetårn
  31. Sorgenfri Palace
  32. Storm P Museum
  33. The Hirschsprung Collection
  34. Tivoli Amusement Park
  35. Tycho Brahe Planetarium
  36. Zoology Museum

Neighborhoods of Copenhagen

  1. Amager Vest
  2. Amager Øst
  3. Bispebjerg
  4. Brønshøj-Husum
  5. Christianhavn
  6. Indre By
  7. Kongens Enghave
  8. Nørrebro
  9. Sundbyvester
  10. Valby
  11. Vanløse
  12. Vestamager
  13. Vesterbro
  14. Østerbro

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