Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Turkish: Kibris) is an island in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is the third largest island on the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus covers 9,248 sq km (3,571 sq mi). Cyprus is partitioned between the 59% area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus and the balance which calls itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, recognised only by Turkey. The island has a population of 1.1 million people, of which over 800,000 live in the Republic of Cyprus area. The capital and largest city is Nikosia.

More on Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus is a republic headed by a president. 77% of its population are ethnic Greeks and 18% ethnic Turkish. The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish.

Cyprus is in the Eastern European Time zone, which is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+2). Traffic is on the left, similar as in the United_Kingdom. The official currency here is the Euro (EUR). The electricity is 240V/50Hz using UK plugs. The phone IDD code is +357.

Cyprus is a high income country. Its nominal GDP in 2010 was estimated as $23.291 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of $28,378. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity is $27,713.

Human habitation of Cyplrus goes back to hunter-gatherer tribes around 10,000 BC. Greek settlers arrived in Cyprus around 1400 BC, with a major wave of Greek settlers arriving between 1100-1050 BC. Cyprus was ruled by Assyria from 708 BC, followed by a brief period by the Eyptian, and then by Persian. Cyprus became part of the Byzantine Empire in the Middle Ages.

Cyprus was then ruled by the Venetian Republic in the 15th century and the Ottomans since the 16th. Administration of Cyprus went to Britain following the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878), with full annexation in 1914. Cyprus attained independence from Britain following the Zu”rich and London Agreement of 16 August, 1960, between the United_Kingdom, Greece and Turkey.

Preparing Money for Cyprus

The currency used in Cyprus is the Euro (EUR). The following are the latest rates for Euro in the last 24-hours.

Planning your visit to Cyprus

Although a member of the Schengen Agreement, Cyprus has yet to implement it. Nevertheless visitors of EU and EFTA countries only need to bring an ID card (or passport) to gain entry. From January 2011, visitors who do not need a visa include the citizens of Albania, Andorra, Antigua_and_Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia_and_Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa_Rica, Croatia, El_Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong_Kong, Israel, Japan, Macau, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, New_Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis, San_Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, South_Korea, Taiwan, United_States, Uruguay, Vatican_City, and Venezuela.

Larnaca International Airport (LCA) is the main gateway to Cyprus. The national carrier is Cyprus Airways. There are flights from major cities in Europe. Almost all non-Cyprus Airways flights arrive and depart in the early hours of the morning.

Major Cities in Cyprus

1. Nicosia – capital
2. Larnaca
3. Limassol
4. Paphos

Places of Interest in Cyprus

1. Akamas Peninsula
2. Ayia Napa

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cyprus

1. Paphos
2. Painted_Churches_in_the_Troodos_Region
3. Choirokoitia

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