Equatorial Guinea is a small country on the west coast of Central Africa. It covers 28,050 sq km (10,830 sq mi) and has a population of about 680,000 (2011 estimate). Equatorial Guinea is bordered by Cameroon to the north, and Gabon to the east and south. It has a coast facing the Gulf of Guinea to the west.
In continental Africa, Equatorial Guinea is the second smallest member of the United Nations and the third smallest country in terms of population. The official languages here are Spanish and French. About 86% of the population are ethnic Fang people. 93% of the population are Christians.
Equatorial Guinea is an hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. Traffic is driven on the right here. The phone IDD code is +240. The official currency is the Central African CFA franc (XAF).
Due to its sizeable petroleum reserves, it has an estimated nominal GDP of $10.413 billion, or a per capita nominal GDP of $15,401. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity is $31,837, putting it in 24th position in the world according to World Bank estimates. However, the high per capita GDP is deceptive, as the wealth in concentrated in the hands of the elite, while 70% of the population survive below the United Nations Poverty Threshold of $2 per day.
According to Freedom House, Equatorial Guinea ranks as among the worst violators of human rights in the world. The country has gone through over a dozen coups d’état.
Visiting Equatorial Guinea
Visitors to Equatorial Guinea need a visa, obtainable with proof of a minimum of $2,000 in your bank account, as well as certification for smallpox, yellow fever and cholera vaccinations.
The airports for Equatorial Guinea are in Malabo and Bata. JetAir flies from London Gatwick to Malabo International Airport (SSG). Air France also flies from
Paris, Lufthansa from Frankfurt and Iberia from Madrid.
Major Cities in Equatorial Guinea
- Malabo – capital