Lake Constance

Lake Constance (German: Bodensee) is one of the major lakes in Europe. Covering an area of 11,500 sq km, it is the third largest freshwater lake in Central Europe. Lake Constance is bordered by Germany to the north, Switzerland to the south and Austria to the east. Germany has the longest shoreline on Lake Constance among the three countries.

Lake Constance measures 63 km (39 mi) long and 14 km (8.7 mi) at its widest point. The River Rhine flows right through Lake Constance, so it both feeds and drains the lake.

View of Lake Constanz from Birnau, Germany
View of Lake Constanz from Birnau, Germany
Author: Andreas Praefcke (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Lake Constance was formed during the Ice Age by the Rhine Glacier. The depth of Lake Constance is less on the southeastern part due to sediments carried in from the Rhine and other rivers.

Today Lake Constance is an importance source of drinking water for the population of southwestern Germany. A number of cities are located on its shore, the major ones being

Konstanz in Germany and Bregenz in Austria.

Eichenberg, Austria, with Lake Constance in the background
Eichenberg, Austria, with Lake Constance in the background
Author: böhringer friedrich (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 Generic)

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