Marche is a region facing the Adriatic Sea on the central eastern part of Italy. It covers 9,366 sq km (3,616 sq mi) and has a population of 1.6 million people (2012 estimate). Its capital is Ancona.
More on Marche
Geography of Marche
Apart from the Adriatic Sea to the east, Marche is bordered by Emilia-Romagna and the Republic of San Marino to the north, Tuscany to the northwest, Umbria to the west, Lazio to the southwest and Abruzzo to the south. The coastline is 173 km long. Much of Marche is relatively flat and with the sole examption of Monte Vettore, which rises to 2,476 m, most of the mountains in Marche does not exceed 2,400 m.
History of Marche
Among the earliest inhabitants of the central coastal part of eastern Italy were the Senones, a tribe of Gauls, until they were conquered by the Romans in 295 BC. The Romans established a number of colonies here, and connected them to Roma on the Via Flaminia.
After the fall of the Romans, Marche was ruled by the Goths followed by the Byzantines. It was conquered by Charlemagne in the late 8th century. For much of the Middle Ages, Marche was nominally part of the Papal States, though actual power lies with the local lords. In 1860 it was annexed into the Kingdom of Italy.
Administrative Division of Marche
Marche consists of five provinces. From west to east, they are Pesaro e Urbino, Ancona, Macerata, Fermo and Ascoli Piceno.
Economy of Marche
The economy of Marche is supported by agriculture and traditional crafts. This makes it economically behind other parts of Italy. Some of the businesses that began in Marche have however become global brands, including Indesit and Tod’s.
The A14 motorway is the main expressway serving the region of Marche. It skirts along the Adriatic coast.
Cities & Towns in Marche