The Principality of Monaco is a tiny city-state on the southwestern coast of Europe. It is bordered on three sides by France, and is about 16km (10 mi) from the border of Italy. The principality has a population of close to 33,000 people on a mere 2.02 sq km (0.78 sq mi). Monaco is the second smallest independent country in the world after the Vatican_City, and the world’s most densely populated independent country. It is a famous tax haven attracting wealthy foreigners who form some 84% of its population.

More on Monaco

Monaco is a constitutional monarchy. Its head of state is Prince Albert II of the House of Grimaldi, which has ruled the principality since 1297.

Monaco comprises ten electoral districts, or wards, of which the most highly populated is Monte Carlo. Monte Carlo is known for its casinos and wealth, and travelers go there from all over the world to play roulette and other casino games. The highest point in Monaco is 163 meters (535 ft) above sea level on the southern slopes of 1,109m (3,638ft) Mont Agel, whose peak is in France.

Monaco experiences a Mediterranean climate influenced by oceanic climate and the humid subtropical climate. Its warmest months are July and August, when the average high temperature reaches 25.9DEGC (78.6DEGF). The coldest months are January and February, with average low temperature dropping to 8.1DEGC (46.6DEGF). The wettest months are October and November.

Preparing Money for Monaco

The currency used in Monaco is the Euro (EUR). The following are the latest rates for Euro in the last 24-hours.

Planning your visit to Monaco

By Plane
The nearest airport to Monaco is the Nice Co^te d’Azur Airport (NCE) located 40 km (25 mi) away, which receives regular flights from London and Paris. There are taxis from the terminal building. Take note that shady taxi drivers frequently overcharge tourists, so make sure you agree to a fare or that the meter is switched on at the start of the journey.

Alternatively, you can catch a helicopter from the airport to Monaco. The journey costs EUR100-EUR300, depending on season, and up to EUR700 during the Cannes Film Festival in late May.

By Train
There are trains going to the Monaco-Monte Carlo Railway Station from neighbouring cities in France including Nice and Cannes.

By Road
Highway A8 runs west of Monaco between Nice and Marseilles, and is the most common highway to reach the principality.

Electoral districts of Monaco

1. Monte_Carlo – administrative area
2. Fontvieille
3. La Colle
4. La Condamine
5. La Rousse/Saint Roman
6. Larvotto
7. Les Re’voires
8. Monaco-Ville
9. Moneghetti
10. Saint Michel

Places of Interest in Monaco

1. Grimaldi Forum
2. Jardin Exotique
3. La Condamine
4. Monaco Cathedral
5. Monaco Opera House
6. Oceanographic Museum and Aquarium
7. Palais Princier
8. Princes Car Collection

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