Montenegro is a small Baltic country in Southeastern Europe. Covering 13,812 sq km (5,019 sq mi), it is bordered by Serbia to the east, Albania to the southeast, Croatia to the west, and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest. It has a population of around 670,000 (2011 estimate). Its capital and biggest city is Podgorica.

The official language of Montenegro is called Montenegrin. It is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. The country is in the Central European Time Zone, which is an hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+1) and two hours in summer. Montenegro adopts the Euro as its official currency, although it is not formally a member of the Eurozone. Traffic here is driven on the right. The phone IDD code is +382.

Sveti Stefan, MontenegroAuthor: donald (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

In 2010, Montenegro had an estimated nominal GDP of $4.105 billion, and a per capita nominal GDP of $6,107. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity stood at $10,286.

The area of present-day Montenegro was conquered by the Romans in 9 AD. This led to it being part of the Roman Empire, and subsequently the Byzantine Empire, until AD 1042. Over the centuries, as its power diminished, it was absorbed into neighboring Serbia.

Orthodox Resurrection Church, Podgorica, Montenegro
Author: Mazbln (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

For a brief period from 1455 to 1499, Montenegro reappeared as a kingdom ruled by the Crnojevićs, until it was conquered and added into the Ottoman Empire. Over time, Montenegro began to enjoy a high level of autonomy within the empire. Nevertheless, subjugation to Ottoman rule was received grudgingly, with sporatic rebellion erupting from time to time.

The defeat of the Ottomans in the Great Turkish War (1683-1699) released Montenegro to foege its own course. It became a theocracy ruled by prince-bishops. The Venetian Republic forced the theocracy to take a Venice-appointed governor, an arrangement that continued until 1797, when the Austrian Empire succeed the Venetian Republic. In 1832 Prince-Bishop Petar II abolished the governors.

View of Kotor, Montenegro
Author: Litany (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Montenegro became a kingdom in 1910. In 1918, following the end of World War I, it was merged with Serbia. It was integrated to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1922, which leads to it being part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. Montenegro remained part of Yugoslavia even as the country disintegrated, with Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina breaking away.

During the Bosnian and Croatian conflicts, Montenegrin forces commited gross violations of human rights in attempting acquire more territory, leading to Montenegrin General Pavle Strugar being convicted for his role in bombing Dubrovnik. On 21 May 2006, the people of Montenegro voted in a referendum to be in independent nation. Since going their separate ways, relations between Serbia and Montenegro has been a bit bumpy.

Đurđevića Tara Bridge, Montenegro
Author: Cornelius Bechtler (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Visiting Montenegro

From Nov 2010, visitors who do not need a visa include citizens of

Albania, Aruba, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States and Venezuela.

If you are flying to Montenegro, your destination airports include the Podgorica Airport, Tivat Airport or Dubrovnik Airport in neighboring


View of Lake Skadar, near the city of Rijeka Crnojevica
Author: Wusel007 (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Major Towns in Montenegro

  1. Podgorica – capital
  2. Bečići
  3. Budva
  4. Cetinje
  5. Herceg Novi
  6. Kotor
  7. Nikšić
  8. Perast
  9. Žabljak

Places of Interest in Montenegro

  1. Biogradska Gora National Park
  2. Lovćen National Park
  3. Mount Ostrog
  4. Skadar Lake National Park
  5. Sveti Stefan

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Montenegro

  1. Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor
  2. Durmitor National Park

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