More on Orange
Orange dates to a convict settlement called Blackman’s Swamp that was established by Captain Percy Simpson in 1822. Later on a village was established here. It was named Orange by surveyor and explorer Sir Thomas Mitchell in 1846, in honor of the Prince of Orange, who was his friend from the Peninsular War between France and the combined powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal in 1808-1814.
Orange developed as a farming community. It was proclaimed a municipality in 1860. A train line was built to connect it to Sydney in 1877. The area today is a major fruit growing district producing apples, pears, cherries, peaches, apricots and plums. Despite its name, the area is not suited for growing oranges, as it is too cold. There is however a rapidly growing wine production industry here.
In addition to farm produce, Orange has a gold mine in Cadia, about 20 km to the south.It is today the second largest open cut mine in Australia after the Super Pit at Kalgoorlie.
Orange is about four from Sydney by car. From Sydney take Metroad 4 heading west, and continue on National Route A32 until you reach Orange.
Sights & Attractions to visit in Orange
- Orange Heritage Trail
Walk through the town passing key historic sites and buildings. The walk begains at the Orange Visitor Information Center and can be completed in 1.5 hours.