Surgut (Russian: Сургу́т) is a city on the Ob River in Siberia, Russia. It is within the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of the Russian Federation. The city covers 219.92 sq km (84.91 sq mi) and has a population of 307,000 people (2012 estimate).
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Surgut was founded by Tsar Feodor I in 1594. This makes it the oldest city in Siberia. It was just an insignificant settlement until the 1960s, when oil and gas production turned it into the “Oil Capital of Russia”. The city also has powerplants that produce over 7200 megawatts of electricity, enabling it to provide cheap power supply to the while region.
Surgut experiences a continental subarctic climate. Winters here are long and cold while summers are warm and short. July is the warmest month, with average high temperature of 22.4°C (72.3°F). January is the coldest month, when the average low temperature drops to -23.4°C (-10.1°F). Precipitation is heaviest in August, at 85 mm (3.35 in)
There are plane services connecting Surgut with
Places of Interest in Surgut
- Church of the Holy Transfiguration
- Museum of Regional Studies
- Surgut Art Museum
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