More on Yakutsk
Yakutsk dates back to 1632, when it was established by Cossack explorer Pyotr Beketov as a fort. It remained an insignificant settlement until the late 19th century, when the discovery of gold in the Sakha region spurred interest in the area. The city rapidly industrialized under the Stalin administration. This in large part was also due to the forced labor camps established by Stalin in the city.
Today mining remains the mainstay of Yakutsk’s economy. Among the minerals extracted, diamonds from Yakutsk mines today account for 20% of the world diamond output.
Yakutsk experiences a frigid subarctic climate. Winters here are long and cold while summers are short and moderately warm. The Yana River basin to the northeast of Yakutsk recorded the lowest ever temperature in the world outside of Antartica. On the average, July usually experiences the warmest weather, with average high temperatures of 25.1°C (77.2°F) while January the lowest temperature, averaging -42.8°C (-45°F).
There are flights to Yakutsk from
Places of Interest in Yakutsk
- Archaeology & Ethnography Museum
- Mammoth Museum
- Museum Khomus
- National Art Museum
- Sakha Regional Museum
- Sokrovischnitsa (Treasury Museum)
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